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31,120 points
10 6 4


You have to follow the Java runtime library supports validation. Previously i checked this was the Apache Xerces parser beneath the covers. You should possibly apply a javax.xml.validation.Validator.

Follw this below code:

import javax.xml.XMLConstants;
import javax.xml.transform.Source;
import javax.xml.transform.stream.StreamSource;
import javax.xml.validation.*;
import java.net.URL;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;
//import java.io.File; // if you use File
import java.io.IOException;
URL schemaFile = new URL("http://host:port/filename.xsd");
// webapp example xsd: 
// URL schemaFile = new URL("http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd");
// local file example:
// File schemaFile = new File("/location/to/localfile.xsd"); // etc.
Source xmlFile = new StreamSource(new File("web.xml"));
SchemaFactory schemaFactory = SchemaFactory
try {
  Schema schema = schemaFactory.newSchema(schemaFile);
  Validator validator = schema.newValidator();
  System.out.println(xmlFile.getSystemId() + " is valid");
} catch (SAXException e) {
  System.out.println(xmlFile.getSystemId() + " is NOT valid reason:" + e);
} catch (IOException e) {}

The schema factory constant is the string http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema which identifies XSDs. The above code validates a WAR expansion descriptor against the URL http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd however you could just as simply validate against a local file.

You must not apply the DOMParser to validate a document (unless your aim is to make a document object model anyway). This will begin making DOM objects as it parses the document - wasteful in case you aren't going to apply them.

Now, i am going to show to how to do it applying Xerces2. 


import org.apache.xerces.parsers.DOMParser;
import java.io.File;
import org.w3c.dom.Document;

public class SchemaTest {
  public static void main (String args[]) {
      File docFile = new File("memory.xml");
      try {
        DOMParser parser = new DOMParser();
        parser.setFeature("http://xml.org/sax/features/validation", true);
        ErrorChecker errors = new ErrorChecker();
     } catch (Exception e) {
        System.out.print("Problem parsing the file.");


31,120 points
10 6 4